中国皮革

2019, v.48;No.755(11) 12-15

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常用表面活性剂对羽绒脱脂效果影响的研究
Effects of common surfactants on degreasing performace of down

强涛涛;张琦;王学川;林启涛;郑汉平;陈学峰;
QIANG Taotao;ZHANG Qi;WANG Xuechuan;LIN Qitao;ZHENG Hanping;CHEN Xuefeng;College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering,Shaanxi University of Science & Tech nology;Wuwei Donglong Feather Manufacture Co., Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

通过选用7种不同的的阴离子、非离子以及两性表面活性剂分别对羽绒进行水洗,检测水洗烘干后羽绒的油脂含量、清洁度和蓬松度。试验结果表明,两性表面活性剂十二烷基甜菜碱(BS-12)脱脂效果最好,羽绒油脂去除率可达32.84%,阴离子型表面活性剂十二烷基苯磺酸(LASH)脱脂效果最差,羽绒油脂去除率只有15.03%,阴离子表面活性剂脂肪酸甲酯磺酸钠(MES)油脂去除率为23.56%,但脱脂后的清洁度与蓬松度都较高,气味等级可以从最差的3级提高到最好的0级,综合蓬松度、清洁度、气味等级以及经济效益考虑,阴离子型表面活性剂MES各项指标均较好。
The down was respectively processed in washing by choosing seven different anionic surfactants,nonionic surfactants and amphoteric surfactants.After washing and drying, the fat and oil content, cleanliness and fluffiness of down were tested. The experimental results show that the degreasing effect of amphoteric surfactants of dodecyl dimethyl betaine(BS-12)is the best,grease removal rate of down can reach 32.84%. While the degreasing effect of anionic surfactants of dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid(LASH)is the worst,grease removal rate of down is only 15.03%.The oil removal rate of anionic surfactant of acid methyl ester sulfonate(MES) is 23.56%, but it's better in cleanliness and fluffiness after degreasing, odour level can be increased from the worst level 3 to the best level 0. Anionic surfactant MES is better in cleanliness,fluffiness, odor and the economic benefit.

关键词(KeyWords): 羽绒;表面活性剂;残脂率;清洁度;蓬松度
down;surfactant;residual fat rate;cleanliness;fluffiness

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 陕西省教育厅专项基金(12JK0594);; 咸阳市科技计划项目(2011K10-11);; 西安市科技计划项目(CXY1344(3));; 陕西科技大学科研创新团队计划项目(TD12-04);; 无为东隆羽绒制品有限公司羽绒加工工艺项目;;

作者(Author): 强涛涛;张琦;王学川;林启涛;郑汉平;陈学峰;
QIANG Taotao;ZHANG Qi;WANG Xuechuan;LIN Qitao;ZHENG Hanping;CHEN Xuefeng;College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering,Shaanxi University of Science & Tech nology;Wuwei Donglong Feather Manufacture Co., Ltd.;

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